Monday, April 25, 2016

Richter Scale Day - April 26

Richter Scale Day is celebrated on April 26, the anniversary of the birth of the inventor, Charles F. Richter (April 26, 1900- Spet. 30, 1985). Charles Richter and Beno Gutenburg invented the Richter Scale in 1935 to measure the amount of energy released by earthquakes by measuring seismic waves (the type of waves/motion that are related to earthquakes), see graph below.

The Richter Scale is based on a base-10 logarithmic scale, ranging from 0 to 9+. On the scale, each increase in number represents an earthquake 10 times more powerful, a Richter 3 quake is 10 times larger than a Richter 4 and a Richter 5 is 10 times greater than a Richter 4; the result is that a Richter 5 is 100 times greater than a Richter 3.
The largest earthquake currently on record is the Great Chilean Earthquake of May 22, 1960, with a magnitude of Richter 9.5.

Here's a great graph from the USGS:

If you feel a quake, report it online at USGS "Did you feel it?"!

No comments:

Post a Comment